Latin Malus domestica Family Rosaceae The fruit has been cultivated for thousands of years, there are hundreds of varieties grown, there are millions of tonnes of apples eaten and cooked each year.  Apples have influenced many cultures, both religiously and in literature from the earliest of times to the present day.  Apples in England are first recorded in 1204. The earliest known fruit with a Hampshire connection if the Hambledon Deus Ans, from Hambledon, 1750.  Here the Orleans Reinette is an old French variety used both as an eating and cooking apple.  The Cornish Aromatic as its name suggests comes from the West Country where it was a popular eating apple; an ancient apple that was not known in London until the early nineteenth century.